In 1892 Emanuel Ciner opened a fine jewellery company in New York's Lower Manhattan. When the stock market crashed in 1929, the demand for fine jewelry disappeared overnight. To stay in business, the Ciners became the first and only American fine jewelers to switch to manufacturing high-quality costume jewelry. Emmanuel’s sons, Irwin and Charles, joined the family business as apprentices. Working at Ciner until 1958, at the age of 92, Emanuel Ciner passed down the legacy of fine jewelry craftsmanship to his sons and grandchildren. Today, 126-years later, CINER remains family-owned and managed, and is the only surviving fine costume jewelry company that designs, manufactures, and produces each piece by hand, all in its New York City atelier.